1. Why having knowledge of fire safety is important

Numerous people are killed or suffer severe injuries each year as a result of fire-related risks. Anywhere and at any time, a fire can occur. When a fire breaks out, careless handling can result in the loss of precious items as well as lives. It’s crucial to maintain constant vigilance when battling a fire and take precautions to lessen the likelihood of another one starting. Therefore, equipping ourselves with basic knowledge of fire safety is very important in preventing and minimising the damage caused due to a fire. 

2. Fire extinguisher types you should know

If you work in construction, you must have a fire extinguisher close to your workspace and make sure there are no visible traces of fire before you leave your job. This is needed by your hot permit to ensure that your work is always safe.

2.1. CO2 Fire Extinguishers

Just like dry powder fire extinguishers mentioned above, you can easily identify CO2 (carbon dioxide) fire extinguishers by its black colour band.

2.2. Wet Chemical Fire Extinguishers

Yellow colour band that wet chemical fire extinguishers for identifying on the construction site.

2.3. Foam Fire Extinguishers

when you are working on the construction industry site, you should discern the different fire extinguishers by colour, and cream colour band that is colour to identify foam fire extinguishers.

2.4. Water fire extinguisher

You should know about a water fire extinguisher when you are working on the construction site, because there are a lot of risks from fire to prevent and control that you can use a water fire extinguisher, which is one of the most widely used fire extinguisher, additionally, these are used to tackle fires that involve solid combustibles namely wood, plastics and paper.

2.5. Dry powder fire extinguishers

To help you identify dry powder fire extinguishers among other CO2 fire extinguishers, water fire extinguishers, and so on by its blue colour band. Each fire extinguisher will have different features to solve a fire.

fire safety
Equip fire safety to prevent and minimise the damage caused due to a fire

3. Key knowledge about fire safety in construction

3.1. Three Fundamental Elements

When working on a construction site, you should be aware that a fire requires three basic components, including oxygen, heat, and fuel, so that you can act calmly in the event that one occurs.

3.2. Fire Alarm

There are various fire risks for all personnel at construction sites. You should be aware that the moment you spot a fire, the first thing you must do is sound the fire alarm to let everyone know.

3.3. The two most typical fire risks

You should take attention to the two most frequent fire threats on construction sites, which are poor housekeeping and uncontrolled hot work.

3.4. Fire assembly point and other safety procedures

You should be aware of the final Cscs test revision when working on a construction site that if there is a significant fire in your workspace and you are not trained to use a fire extinguisher, you should not attempt to put out the fire; instead, you should proceed right away to your fire assembly point to prevent accidents.

The position of the fire assembly point and other safety protocols will typically be covered in training in order to ensure your safety while working.

3.5. A Fire Exit Route

Safety is the primary goal to ensure that the frequency of accidents on the construction site is minimised. Additionally, you should strengthen your fundamental construction to avoid those dangers and hazards. Actually, if you are compelled to work in a location that only has a fire escape path, you must take precautions to make sure your tools and equipment don’t obstruct the route in the event of a fire.

4. Sample questions of fire safety


Question 1. Who is responsible for providing and maintaining fire detection and fighting equipment?

(A) Everybody on site

(B) The HSE

(C) The employees

(D) Your employer

Correct answer: D

Explanation: Your employer is responsible for providing and maintaining fire safety equipment.

Question 2. How should flammable materials be stored?

(A) At cold temperatures

(B) In a secure storage space, provided by your employer

(C) It does not matter, so long as they are handled correctly

(D) Near where they will be used

Correct answer: B

Explanation: Your employer must provide a safe storage space for flammable materials.

Question 3. What is good system for controlling hot work?

(A) A hot-work permit

(B) Ensuring all workers in the area are aware of the activity

(C) Having a good water supply nearby

(D) Informing the HSE in advance

Correct answer: A

Explanation: Your employer should have in place a control system for hot work and this may include a hot-works permit.

Question 4. Where are you permitted to smoke on site?

(A) In areas where active work is not taking place

(B) In areas where flammable materials are not in use

(C) In permitted areas designated by your employer

(D) Nowhere

Correct answer: C

Explanation: Smoking is only permitted in designated areas provided by your employer.

Question 5. What is your responsibility as a worker when it comes to acquiring hot work permits?

(A) Being sufficiently competent to sign off on them if required for work

(B) Ensuring all your team are aware of any permits being acquired

(C) Knowing how and when to acquire them

(D) Taking the relevant tests to ensure you are aware of risks

Correct answer: C

Explanation: Employees should understand how and when to acquire hot work permits.

Question 6. Which three elements are necessary for a fire to start? Give THREE answers

(A) Air flow

(B) Fuel

(C) Heat/ignition

(D) Oxygen

(E) Tinder

(F) Wood

Correct answer: B, C, D

Explanation: A fire can break out if fuel, oxygen, and heat or ignition are present.

Question 7. What element/s must be removed to put out a fire?

(A) Any single element

(B) Heat and fuel

(C) Heat, oxygen, and fuel

(D) Oxygen and fuel

Correct answer: A

Explanation: Removing any one of these elements will put out a fire.

Question 8. Using a foam (cream) extinguisher is an example of what?

(A) Removing all fire-producing elements

(B) Removing fuel

(C) Removing heat

(D) Removing oxygen

Correct answer: D

Explanation: A foam extinguisher smothers the fire by removing oxygen.

Question 9. What is an on-site risk posed by halogen lights?

(A) They consume a lot of energy, putting the generator at risk of overload

(B) They do not light well in smoky rooms, creating an evacuation risk

(C) They may overheat, creating an ignition risk

(D) They will explode in case of fire, creating an injury risk

Correct answer:C

Explanation: Lights, especially halogen lights, may become ignition risks if they overheat.

Question 10. You are about to begin drilling again after lunch, and see paint cans have been left open in your area. What risk should you be aware of?

(A) If the paint pots are knocked over, they will then create a dangerous atmosphere. If your drill overheats, it may ignite the fumes.

(B) Paint may have gotten on your tool, and if so this creates an ignition hazard

(C) The paint fumes may have created a dangerous atmosphere during that time. If your drill overheats, it may ignite the fumes.

(D) The paint fumes may have created a dangerous atmosphere during that time. You should be wearing appropriate RPE

Correct answer: C

Explanation: Paint pots and solvents left open create a potentially flammable atmosphere. An overheating power tool would be enough to set this on fire.

Question 11. Your supervisor decides to set up a bonfire on site. Is this permissible?

(A) No, under no circumstances are bonfires permitted on site

(B) Yes, if it is used only for burning welfare waste

(C) Yes, only if it has been cleared with the site management

(D) Yes, only if the site has a permit to do so

Correct answer:

Explanation: Bonfires are only allowed if the site has a permit.

Question 12. How will you know where to go in the event of a fire?

(A) It should be clearly enough labelled that it is obvious without additional information

(B) There will be marshals instructing you during evacuation

(C) You are responsible for seeking this information out in advance

(D) You will be informed during site induction

Correct answer:

Explanation: Fire evacuation procedure should be covered during site induction.